Development planning in post-independence India: Where did we go wrong? What can we do about it?

The term ‘Development‘ (physical development) may be defined as – carrying out of engineering, building, mining, quarrying and other such works in/on/under land. This is also called as material change in the use of any building or land. Development may also refer to change of land use. In some countries, demolition is also considered to be a form of development. Contemporary theory defines development as synonymous to ‘urbanisation’ and economic growth, but the question that arises is whether or not economic growth is sufficient for human development. For Amartya Sen and other scholars advocating for holistic development and capabilities of humans and society. He propagates the idea of development which extends beyond economic growth- it also concerns with better living conditions (safe drinking water, education, housing, etc.) for the population that is usually overlooked (i.e. the poor category unable to pay the taxes) with the larger goal of improving their capabilities